There are several ways of obtaining donor oocytes (eggs).
Anonymous donors: Women who are not known to the recipient. Donors may be recruited through established egg donation programs or may be identified through agencies.
Known or directed donors: Women who are known to the recipient. The donor is generally a close relative or friend. In some instances, recipients advertise directly for donors in newspapers or on the Internet. In these circumstances, the recipient couple and the donor are known to each other in a limited way, having met without an intermediary program or agency. Recipients should exercise caution about recruiting donors directly without having an intermediary program or agency screen donors or without seeking legal counsel.
IVF programs:Women undergoing IVF may agree to donate their excess eggs to infertile patients. This source of donors is limited, probably because of the perceived coercive nature of the donation, particularly if the women are offered a financial discount on their own IVF cycle.